Slovakia is about to implement a state aid scheme to support investments in the production of equipment necessary for the net-zero economy transition such as batteries, solar panels, wind turbines, heat-pumps, electrolysers and equipment for capture and storage of carbon dioxide. Because much of Slovakia is designated an ”A” region (with significantly increased state aid intensities), game changing opportunities have arisen for investors interested in the production of equipment necessary for the green transition. For the latest developments in the planned implementation of the Temporary Crisis and Transition Framework (TCTF) in Slovakia, follow this link to the main article.

Main Article

The European Commission adopted the Temporary Crisis Framework and then the Temporary Crisis and Transition Framework (TCTF) to mitigate the economic consequences caused by Russia’s invasion and ongoing war with Ukraine. To this extent, the TCTF establishes a framework for several state aid mechanisms that allow EU member states to help companies tackle the aftermath of the energy crisis. But this is not all. The TCTF goes one step further and introduces state aid mechanisms to support the green transition. The goal of this article is to present the state aid scheme that is about to be implemented in Slovakia.

Support of Investments in the Production of Equipment Necessary for Green Transition

EU member states were given a free hand in choosing which green transition measure they will implement under the TCTF. As a result, Slovakia resolved to introduce an aid scheme to support investments in the production of equipment necessary to foster the transition towards a net-zero economy.

On 13 February 2024, Slovak National Council passed an amendment to Act No. 57/2018 on the Regional Investment Aid, which was published in the Collection of Laws on 6 March 2024. Based on this Amendment and its implementing legislation, the key features of the scheme are:

  • Eligible projects for state aid under the TCTF include production of:
  • batteries, solar panels, wind turbines, heat pumps, electrolysers, and equipment for carbon capture usage and storage;
  • key components designed and primarily used as direct input for the production of the above equipment (which are further detailed in the implementing legislation); and
  • the production or recovery of related critical raw materials necessary for the production of the equipment and key components listed above.
  • Eligible project costs are separated into tangible fixed assets (land, buildings, plant, machinery and equipment) and intangible fixed assets (industrial rights, know-how, licences).
  • Support includes cash grants, tax relief, transfer or lease of real estate for a lower value than that determined by an expert opinion. The following is a more detailed breakdown of aid forms and intensities:
 Size of the undertakingRegion
Other than BratislavaBratislava
Minimum amount of acquired long-term assetsEUR 10 millionEUR 20 million
Maximum amount of investment aid  EUR 350 millionEUR 150 million
Maximum amount of aid intensityLarge35%15%
Small and Micro55%35%
Maximum amount of aid intensity provided as a tax reliefLarge40%20%
Small and Micro60%40%

In total, Slovakia allocated EUR 1 billion for the scheme whereas EUR 500 million are allocated for the first year of its duration, and another EUR 500 million are allocated for the second year. The scheme is scheduled to terminate in the end of 2025 (albeit the implementing legislation continues to remain in force until the end of 2026, probably due to proceedings that will begin at the end of the 2025).

Note that one of the main advantages of the foregoing TCTF scheme against the traditional regional investment aid scheme is that the amount of investment aid for a project (which may be as high as EUR 350 million) is decided and granted entirely at Slovak institutional level (the government and the respective ministry), while regional investment aid proceedings in a larger scale may need to be scrutinised by the European Commission, which makes the process significantly more complex and longer. Furthermore, TCTF-related aid intensities are generally more generous and are not scaled down compared to regional investment aid intensities.

Final Observations

Undoubtedly, the TCTF is a game changer not only from an environmental point of view but also for investors. Perhaps the most interesting aid category is the one aimed at investments in strategic sectors for the transition to a net-zero economy. It is no coincidence that Slovakia, known for its investor attractiveness and business friendly climate, resolved to support investments in the industrial production of equipment necessary for green transition. This year, new horizons have opened for investors interested in the industrial production of batteries, solar panels, wind turbines, heat pumps, and other green transition-related equipment. The fact that the majority of Slovakia is an ”A” area allowing for higher state aid intensities only amplifies Slovakia’s allure to investors.

Drawing upon our long-term experience in advising on greenfield investment projects in Slovakia, CMS is happy to answer any queries that investors may have regarding the Slovakia’s state aid scheme supporting the production of equipment necessary for the net-zero economy transition.


Juraj Fuska Partner  |  Corporate, M&A CMS Bratislava +421 905 313 756 E
Demian Boška Associate  |  Corporate, M&A CMS Bratislava +421 907 953 151 E


Rebecca Kuklovská

Marketing & BD Executive

M +421 940 637 826


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